Africa Unit Study

Name of Unit: Unit-Safari Africa Unit Study

Date: February 25, 2002


Bible References:

· Psalm 24:1-2 “The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it;

for he founded it upon the seas and established it upon the waters.”

· 1Tim. 2:1-2 “I urge, then, first of all, that requests, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving

be made for everyone–for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and

quiet lives in all godliness and holiness.”

· Matt. 28:19 “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations….”

Learning Objectives:

· The student will be able to label countries of Africa on a map.

· The student will be able to list the capitals and major cities of African countries.

· The student will be able to label important rivers, lakes, seas, and mountain ranges of

African countries.

· The student will be able to recognize landmarks in African countries.

· The student will be able to describe the climate and environment of African countries.

· The student will be able to identify the language(s) spoken in African countries.

Geographical Areas:

Swaziland, Sudan, South Africa, Somalia, Sierra Leone, Seychelles,

Senegal, Sao, Tome and Principe, Rwanda, Nigeria, Niger, Namibia,

Mozambique, Morocco, Mauritius, Mauritania, Mali, Malawi, Madagascar,

Libya, Liberia, Lesotho, Kenya, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea,

Ghana, Gambia, Gabon, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea,

Egypt, Djibouti, Dem. Rep, Congo, Comoros, Chad, Central African

Republic, Cameroon, Burundi, Burkina, Botswana, Benin, Angola,

Algeria, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Uganda, Tunisia, Togo, and Tanzania.

This site includes flags, anthems, economy, defense, geography, history

people, the national anthem. It even has links to things such as the

local newspaper, the constitution of the country, history etc.





Geography /Environment Lessons on Africa

·  African Rain Forests

·  Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain


·  Hunting and Gathering in the AfricanRain Forest


·  Africas Aswan High Dam


·  Seven Natural Wonders of Africa


·  African Savanna

·  The SaharaDesert



Black and white map of Africa


Characters for Timelines:

David Livingston



King Tut

Desmond Tuto of South Africa- Nobel Prize winner

Nelson Mandela

Explorers of Africa–


Apartheid – legalized racial separation that had been in place in South


until 1991.

Afrikaners – descendants from seventeenth-century Dutch settlers who

make up 60%

population of South Africa.

rooi – red

oranje – orange

geel – yellow

groen – green

blou – blue

pers – pink


mammie – mom

pappie – dad







onishona-wood carvers of Nigeria

jujus-magic charms favored highly by Nigerians

Hausa-dominant language in northern Nigeria







Book Resources:

Story–Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain

Story–Why Mosquitoes Buzz in Peoples Ears

Story–Learning to Swim in Swaziland by Nila Leigh

This story was written by an eight-year-old girl.

A Trip Around The World, Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc.

Another Trip Around the World, Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc.

The Kids’ Multicultural Art Book, by Alexandra Terzian

The Kids’ Around the World Cookbook, by Deri Robins

The Paper Tube Zoo, by Evan-Moor Corp

You Can Change the World: Learning to Pray for People Around the World,

by Jill Johnstone

Eyewitness and DK books- Africa, Ancient Egypt by George Hart

Moja Means One: Swahili Counting Book by Muriel L. Feelings, Tom

Feelings (Illustrator) (August 1992)

Jambo Means Hello: Swahili Alphabet Book by Muriel L. Feelings, Tom

Feelings (Illustrator) (October 1992)

Count Your Way Through Africaby Jim Haskins, December 1989

Emeka’s Gift: An African Counting Story (Picture Puffins) by Ifeoma

Onyefulu (January 1999)

Alistair on Safari: Adventure at an African Game Reserve

by Amanda Lumry,

Lest We Forget: The Passage from Africa to Slavery and Emancipation:

A Three-Dimensional Interactive Book with Photographs and Documents

from the Black Holocaust Exhibit

by Velma Maia Thomas ( October 1997)

A Is for Africaby Ifeoma Onyefulu (Paperback – July 1997)

Ancient Egypt (Ms. Frizzle’s Adventures) by Joanna Cole, Bruce Degen


Ashanti to Zulu : African Traditions by Margaret W. Musgrove, et al

(Paperback – August 1992)

We’re Going on a Lion Hunt by David Axtell (Illustrator) (School &

Library Binding – June 2000

Read some Anansi spider tales and write one of your own.

Read Jumanji and write a sequel.

African Folktales

· The Orphan Boy: A Masai FolktaleAnderson, Melissa


· An African Folktale: the Orphan BoyBeer, Jill

· Folktales: A Cultural Teaching ToolHale, Tyresha

· Cinderella in AfricaEilers, Elizabeth

· African Legends and Folktales: told for a PurposeMaughan, Susie

· Comparing African, American, and European FolktalesMiller, Rebecca


· A Moroccan Fairy TaleSager, Denise

· Mufaros Beautiful Daughters-Mapping the StoryShea, Katie

Web Resources:


Africa links

African animals printouts

Africa coloring book

Print Your Own Coloring book (has several African animals)


Black and white map of Africa


Woman with head wrap

Yahooligans Maps, Links and more



African animals

Our moderators website links


Mr. Dowling’s Electronic Passport: Ancient Africa

Mr. Dowling’s Electronic Passport: Colonial Africa

Mr. Dowling’s Electronic Passport: Africa Today – Pro-Teacher listing on Africa:

(Lots of lesson plans and worksheets listed

here) This site has a word search on the continent of Africa.

This site has 11,418 African links to other sites about Africa along

with maps-

Go on an African journey

African Stereotypes: Lets be FairTurner, David

Are there Really Fifty-Three Nations Within Africa?Ogden, Rochele (also has a map)

Daily Life In Africa Lessons

·  African Cities are Modern


·  Far and Near


·  A Childs Daily Life in South Africa




·  Everyday Life in Africa

·  Africa and Us


·  African Clothing

·  Daily Life

·  Building an African Compound (Shelter)



·  Life in Villages of Africa


·  A Voyage to west Africa: The Gambia


·  A Trip to Gambia

·  The Day of Ahmeds Secret:Postcards from Cairo

·  Material World:Comparing the U.S. and Ethiopia

·  Masai and I: A Cultural Comparison

·  Africa:Not Just One Big Safari

·  African Markets

·  African/North America:How do we Compre Materially?

Geography /Environment Lessons on Africa

·  African Rain Forests

·  Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain


·  Hunting and Gathering in the AfricanRain Forest

·  Africas Aswan High Dam


·  Seven Natural Wonders of Africa



·  African Savanna

·  The SaharaDesert


Wildlife in Africa

Journey to a WildlifePark in Tanzania

Wildlife on the African Savanna

Animals of the African Savanna


African Languages

A Swahili Counting



Jambo means Hello:An Introduction to Swahili

Appreciating African Languages

An Introduction to Counting in Swahili

Childrens Toys and Games in Africa

·  Games and Toys Reflect Resources

·  Kameshi Ne Mputi:An African Game

·  Vulani Ringi Ring:A Circle Dance from Africa

·  Toy Making and Resourcefulness

·  Galimoto

·  String Games



Beauty and Art in Africa

·  Exploring African Music


·  Beauty is in the Eye of the Beholder

·  Communicating Values and History through Masks

·  Music in Africa


African Names

Whats in a Name


· Yoruba Naming Ceremonies


This site includes flags, anthems, economy, defense, geography, history

people, the national anthem. It even has links to things such as the

local newspaper, the constitution of the country, history etc.

Unit Study Plans:

Africa Unit Plan

Note: most suitable for primary students, but can be modified.

Ancient Egypt unit-

Social Studies Unit on Africa for Grades 3-5

Africa Unit



National Geographic – Africa (2001)

National Geographic’s Africa: Wilds of Madagascar (1988) VHS

National Geographic’s Africa‘s Stolen River (1988) VHS

National Geographic’s Africa‘s Animal Oasis (1992) VHS


National Geographic’s Namib DesertAfrica‘s Hostile Dunes (1998)


National Geographic’s Virunga – Heart of Africa (1996) VHS

Great Adventurers: David Livingston – Journey to the Heart of

Africa (1999) VHS

Africa – The Serengeti (IMAX)

Children’s Stories From Africa

The Prince of Egypt (childrens)



Tarabu: Music from the Swahili of Kenya

~ Malika/Bakari Wamasha/Lali Mwalimu Mzamin (Audio CD

Gift Of The Tortoise: A Musical Journey Through Southern Africa

West African Lesson Plan on Music

Writing Activities:

Describe a time you were chased through a rainforest by an angry

elephant. What

did you have to do to save yourself from such a danger?

Explain how you spent a week traveling on a safari with a group of


What did you get to do?

Recount an experience you had when you competed in a camel race with a

prince or princess from a foreign country. What were the rules? Who

won the race? How?

Write a story from an animal’s prospective of what their life is like

in the


Read some Anansi spider tales and write one of your own.

Read Jumanji and write a sequel.


Online African games

Mancala rock or marble game




Rules for above games at


African Hut Pattern search archive # 7898 for pdf. file to download

from Unit Safari.

African activities for childrenhttp://

African animals

Brainstorm list of all the animals you think come from Africa and


students know about them. Write down everything even if you know it is

incorrect. You will review this list the last day to see which


was correct. You can refer back to the list throughout the unit and


any questions students may have had at the beginning. The list should


posted in the classroom where the students can see it.



Draw and paint or color differences between African and Indian


African–Big ears, trunk is finger like and can pick up a single blade


grass, round head; back bends down in the middle, both male and female



Indian–Small ears, trunk wraps around food, bumpy heads, back bends up


the middle, only males have tusks.


Tear art


Camouflage–no two zebras have the same stripe pattern just like


fingerprints. Make a herd of zebras out of thumbprints.


Hump is for fat storage to be used when there is little food or


2 hump vs. 1 hump Bactrian and Dromedary


paper mask




paper puppet

Black and White–compare and draw


paper plate mask


draw and watercolor paint


paper puppet


ostrich egg used as bowls

visit ostrich farm

compare to Emu of Australia

story–If I had a pet ostrich, I would ______.


Importance of as a food source for predators.

Monkeys–no tails

gorilla–endangered species



night flyer book

African animal version of Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?

black mamba, green crocodile, yellow giraffe, red hoopoe (bird), brown

dassie (rock hydrax), orange hyena, black rhino, pink flamingo, purple

loerie (bird), white egret, brown impala, black wildebeest, grey


blue guineafowl, red lechwe (buck), blue crane (the national bird of


Africa), tawny lion, black eagle, tan kudu, silver gull, white duck,


zebra, spotted cheetah


define and describe things you find there: food, water, shelter in






fold paper into 4 squares, draw plants and add animals to their


South Africa

Zulu tribe–wall hanging


flag and map


pisa houses


soda bottles-tape-straw-paint

flag and map



plaster of paris-milk cartons (takes 2 days)

Egyptian paper beads

flag and map


dough animals

Moja Means One

flag and map

Paper Tube Zoo

Students choose their favorite African animal and make a paper tube one

using the patterns found in the book Paper Tube Zoo. Display the zoo on


table. Cages can be strawberry boxes.

Animals–Lion, monkey, hippo, crocodile, elephant, giraffe


Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain

sequence paper quilt with animals from Africa


Why Mosquitoes Buzz in Peoples Ears

story order

folk story


–Learning to Swim in Swazilandby Nila Leigh

This story was written by an eight year old girl.

African Mask color paper

African pattern place mat

Wodaabe mirror pouch from Niger

Paper Kufi from Ghana

Kente paper weaving from the Asante people of Ghana

Adinkra sponge stamps from Ghana.

Safari time

Make binoculars out of toilet paper tubes and yarn. Put the kids chairs


short rows like they are on a bus and pretend to cruise around and talk

about the animals and plants you see. Have a few kids be different


You could make cameras out of cardboard boxes and pretend to take


Paper mache mask of favorite African animal


Paper mache calabash (bowl)

3-D animal

Diorama of habitat with animals in shoebox

Make a traditional African Drum

The logo for Africa Region shows some African drums.

Drums are a very important part of African culture. They come in many


and shapes, which all make different sounds. Drums are played along


singing and dancing for celebration (for example, to announce the

coming and

going of visitors, or to honor important people) or to communicate with

other villages (although newer technology is slowly taking the place of


A master drummer always has the leading drum called the Iya Ilu. It is

decorated with bells around the drumhead. The drum is two headed, wide


the top and narrow at the bottom, with cords stretched down the length


the drum. When the drummer presses on the cords of this drum, the


tighten and make a higher sound. When the drummer loosens his hold, the

sound is low.

Here is a list of materials which could be used to make small drums:

* coffee cans

* tennis ball cans

* margarine tubs

·  Pringle potato chip cans

Discuss segregation and the apartheid.

Compare to the South United States history.

Diamonds and gold

are the leading business in South Africa. Learn how a diamond

is formed and what that says about the region of South Africa.

Study the baobab tree

it looks like it is growing upside down.

Study baboons

Make a sign “Don’t feed the baboons” after studying baboons. Signs

like these are as common in South Africa as “Keep off the grass” is in

the United States.


Snow very seldom falls in Africa, but when it does, children near


make snowdeer instead of snowmen. Make a snowdeer out of snow or 2

white paper

cut in a snowdeer pattern – stuff and staple.

Play a game of rounders

– very popular in South Africa. This game is played


much like baseball except the ball is a tennis ball and the bat is a

tool that looks much like a table tennis paddle.

Read some Anansi spider tales and write one of your own.

Make a diorama of Nigeria complete with an African hut. (pattern


Nigerians love to dress up in beads.

In fact, beads depict your status in society by the number and their

colorful designs. Make your own beads.

Ingredients needed are 4 cups flour, 2 cups salt, 2 cups water, large

bowl, baking tray, toothpicks, acrylic paints, shellac, and string.

Mix together the flour and salt. Gradually add the water and knead the

dough until thoroughly mixed and smooth. Form small beads out of the

dough about 1/2″ to 1″ thick.

Fifteen to twenty beads will be needed for each necklace. Push in

toothpick through the center of each bead to make a hole. Bake for 5

to 20 minutes in a 350°degree oven (check oven frequently). When

completely cool, decorate the beads with paint and let dry. Shellac

the beads and dry overnight. String the

beads on a 24″ length of string.

Study animals one would find on an African safari.

Read Jumanji and write a sequel.

Create some animal masks or recreate a safari jungle.

Pretend you are on a safari hunt.

Easiest Mask

– Draw a African Mask on poster board. Cut round holes for

the eyes. Cut a pyramid shape for the nose, but don’t cut all the

way through the top portion so you have a flap and not a hole. Punch

holes around the perimeter and with a hole punch.

The kids then color the mask with markers. Then they tie on raffia

but threading it through the holes around the perimeter.

More Time Consuming Version: Make one out of cardboard and then

paper mache it.

Do a mini-study on Ancient Egypt.

Learn all the countries in Africa,

make maps, and then test your knowledge at under their Africa card series.

Word search

on the continent of


Eating-Senegal Style



* Eating what we Produce: Africa



* Grinding Corn in Swaziland



* Common African Food:Fou Fou



African Recipes:


Banana Fritters

Take 2-1/2 cups flour, 1/2 cup sugar, 2

teaspoons cinnamon, 2 eggs, 1 cup milk, 6 bananas, mashed, oil,


sugar. In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar, and cinnamon. Beat in


Gradually add the milk and continue to beat until the batter is smooth.

Stir in

bananas. Pour batter by scant 1/4 cupful onto hot griddle. Cook 2 -3

minutes on each side. Sprinkle with confectioner’s sugar just before



Peanut Soup

1 cup peanut butter (smooth style)

2 cups chicken bouillon

1/4 cup chopped onions

1/4 cup chopped tomatoes

red pepper (optional)

Heat bouillon and peanut butter together in a pan slowly, stirring

until the

peanut butter is dissolved. Simmer about 10 minutes. Add onions and

tomatoes. Simmer until onions are soft. Pour into bowls and sprinkle

sparingly with hot red pepper. Serves four or enough for samples for



Beans and Rice

2 cups rice

1 cup dried white or red kidney beans


salt to taste

Cook beans according to the package directions. When firm but



cooked, pour out excess water. Add rice, salt and water again according


package directions. As the rice steams, check it occasionally to see


there is enough water since the beans, too, will continue to cook and


may both require more. Add hot water as necessary.


Ground Beef

1 lb. ground beef

4 medium sized onions, chopped

garlic, to taste

1 teaspoon red pepper

salt to taste

1 chopped green pepper

1/2 cup cooked flat green beans

2 tablespoons peanut oil

1 8 oz. can tomato sauce

Heat peanut oil in a pan and fry onions, garlic and peppers for five

minutes. Add beef and brown it. Add tomato sauce and simmer for 20


Add flat beans and allow them to heat through. Serve over rice and

beans or

plain rice.

Ivory Coast

Fried Bananas

4 bananas

2 tablespoons lemon juice

3/4 cup fine crushed Corn Flakes

peanut oil

black pepper

cinnamon and sugar

Cut the bananas into quarters lengthwise and then into halves


making 8 fingers of each banana. All to stand 10 minutes covered with


juice. Role in crumbs and cook quickly in peanut oil 1/2 inch deep in

skillet at 370 degrees until crispy brown on both sides. Bananas may be

sprinkled with pepper and served as an accompaniment to meat or fish,


sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon if served as a dessert.

West Africa

Fruit Dessert

1 large pineapple

banana, orange, papaya, etc.

grated coconut



lemon juice

Cut a large pineapple lengthwise and scoop out the flesh. Cut it into



and add diced portions of other suitable fruits, as desired. Pout over


fruit mixture a syrup of sugar, water and a little lemon juice.


with freshly grated coconut. Serve chilled.



for each cup desired, use the following proportions:

3/4 cup water

1 teaspoon anise seeds

2 teaspoons sugar

Boil the ingredients together for two minutes. Pour through a strainer



South Africa


1 onion

1 tbsp. olive oil

2 slices bread

1 cup milk

1 lb. ground beef

1 tbsp. curry powder

1/4 cup slivered almonds

1/3 cup raisins

1 tbsp. lemon juice

pinch of salt and pepper

2 eggs

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Cut the crusts off the bread, break


into chunks and soak it in half of the milk. Chop the onion. Heat the

oil in

a pan, and fry the onion over a low heat for ten minutes. Add the beef,

curry powder, lemon juice, nuts, raisins, salt, and pepper to the pan.


until the meat is brown all over. Spoon all of it into an ovenproof


Beat the eggs with the rest of the milk, and pour over the mixture. Put


in the oven for 1 1/4 hours. The top of the bobotie should be set and



Baked Bananas

4 large bananas

2 tbsp. brown sugar

1 tsp. cinnamon

2 tbsp. butter or margarine

Set the oven to 350 degrees F.

Cut the bananas in half lengthwise. Put in an ovenproof dish, with the


sides facing up. Melt the butter in a pan over a low heat. Stir in the



and the cinnamon. Pour over the bananas. Cover the dish with aluminum


and bake for 45 minutes.


Barbie Dolls of the World: Princess of Egypt

by Mattel

Graphic Organizers for Animals/Plants/Countries at

Evaluation Ideas:

An African Party-

Students could dress up like their favorite African animal or wear


African costumes. Check your library for African music. Assign each


to bring one food dish to share and let the fun begin!

African quiz map–

Learn all the countries in Africa,

make maps, and then test your knowledge at under their Africa card series.

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